Description of nasopharyngeal (nasopharyngeal) carcinoma of the nose Nasal-throat carcinoma is a malignant cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx (nose and throat). Diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is difficult in the early stages. This is likely due to the lack of direct visualization of this anatomical site and the similarity of symptoms with other, more common diseases. Treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma mainly involves radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of the two. Relevant decisions are made according to a specific example. The cause of cancer is when due to one or more genetic mutations, a normal cell loses control over growth and division, invades surrounding structures and metastasizes, and spreads to other parts of the body. During nasopharyngeal carcinoma, this process begins in the flat cells that line the nasopharynx. Exactly what causes the genetic mutations characteristic of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is unknown. Factors such as Epstein-Barr virus a