Stages of breast cancer. Metastatic breast cancer: Symptoms,
prognosis, treatment Mortality and mortality in women with breast
cancer are steadily increasing not only in Russia but also in many
countries around the world. Since 1985, breast cancer has been the
leading cause of cancer in the world. More than half a million
diseases are registered annually. Probably not everyone knows that the
treatment of malignant disease will be successful. But for this it is
necessary to have one necessary condition: the tumor must be
recognized in time and treatment must begin as soon as possible. In
practice, this often happens differently and the patient goes to the
doctor when the disease is transferred to stage 3 – then the symptoms
are no longer ignored, in the hope that everything will resolve
itself. Symptoms of a dangerous disease – breast cancer, scene 4 in
particular, can not be completely cured. Tumors at this stage may have
any size, with extensive ulcers noticeable, the shape of the breast
changed. Metastases to blood vessels, capillaries spread to distant
organs and lymph nodes. Breast cancer stage 4 is also called
metastatic. The patient suffers from excruciating pain. Treatment of
breast cancer class 4 100% curing disease such as breast cancer stage
4 is impossible. Restrictions are associated with a serious patient.
On the contrary, we are talking about palliative medicine. Symptomatic
treatment is not advisable to prevent the cancer process, but to
eliminate the painful symptoms or complications that threaten the
patient’s life. The goal of palliative care is to prolong or improve
life. Palliative treatment consists of: Hormone therapy Radiotherapy
Pain medication Surgical treatment is indicated only to eliminate the
complications of the cancer process. Soothing tumor, bleeding, acute
intoxication associated with malignant tumor – in these cases, surgery
is performed to reduce the condition. The main treatments for
metastatic cancer are chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. Although the
use of hormones may not always be used. For example, progesterone and
estrogen are likely to improve negative receptors. Radiation therapy
is used only to relieve pain; When stage 4 breast cancer is diagnosed,
there is no question of a complete cure. But it is possible to
alleviate this condition by transferring impossible tumors. In
addition, tumor regression can be achieved simultaneously with
hyperthermia by external irradiation of the liver and supraclavicular
regions. Of course, there is a risk of complications, but in this case
it is necessary to compare the situation with the risk. Significant
changes have taken place in the principles of therapy in recent years.
Therapeutic tactics are strictly individual, taking into account the
factors that affect the prognosis of the disease: the stage of the
disease, the patient’s age, hormonal background, immunological
condition, concomitant diseases, and the general condition of the
patient. Notice how the size of the tumor has changed. There are
several stages of treatment: tumor progression, stabilization, partial
or complete disappearance. The rapidly evolving palliative trend in
medicine aims not only to improve the quality of life of the patient,
but also to prolong it. Thanks to the improvement of technique and
original method, today it is possible to fight for life even in
hopeless situations. Malignant neoplasms of the breast are the leading
cause of cancer in the female sex structure. Some forms of tumors have
high invasiveness and rapid infiltrative growth, leading to early
diagnosis in early stages, resulting in cancer patient conditions in
the terminal. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that arises directly
from the tissue of the breast and is expressed by tissue and cell
apoptosis. In its development, breast cancer goes through 4 degrees,
as well as other malignant tumors.